Understanding Nigerian Land Measurements: A Guide to Plots, Acres, and Hectares

Nigeria is a populous country with a growing population of over 200 million people. With this growth comes an increase in urbanization and development, which has led to a rise in demand for land for both residential and commercial purposes. However, understanding Nigerian land measurement; the various land sizes in Nigeria can be a challenge, especially for those who are not familiar with the local real estate market.

In this article, we will delve into the different land measurements used in Nigeria and explain how they are used in the real estate industry. We’ll also discuss the importance of understanding these measurements and the impact they can have on property values and transactions.

Whether you’re a newcomer to Nigeria or an experienced real estate professional, this guide will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of Nigerian land measurements, so you can make informed decisions when buying, selling, or investing in property.

Nigerian Land Measurements


In Nigeria, plots are the most common way of measuring land. A plot is a portion of land that has been measured and marked out for a specific purpose, such as building a house or establishing a farm. The size of a plot can vary depending on location, but in general, a plot is approximately 100 x 50 feet or 15 x 30 meters. This means that a standard plot in Nigeria is 500 square meters or 0.12 acres.

It is important to note that there are different types of plots in Nigeria. For instance, there are residential plots, commercial plots, and industrial plots. Each type of plot has its specifications and requirements, depending on the intended use. Residential plots are usually located in residential areas and are meant for building houses. Commercial plots are usually located in commercial areas and are meant for building shops, offices, and other commercial structures. Industrial plots are usually located in industrial areas and are meant for building factories and warehouses.


An acre is another unit of measurement commonly used in Nigeria. An acre is a measure of land that is approximately 43,560 square feet, or 4,047 square meters. This means an acre is roughly equivalent to 6.5 standard plots in Nigeria.

Acres are commonly used in Nigeria for measuring larger parcels of land, such as farmland or undeveloped land. For instance, a farm of 50 acres would be equivalent to approximately 325 standard plots. Similarly, a large piece of undeveloped land that is 100 acres in size would be equivalent to approximately 650 standard plots.


In addition to plots and acres, hectares are commonly used to measure land in Nigeria. A hectare is a measure of land that is approximately 2.47 acres, or 10,000 square meters. This means that a hectare is equivalent to approximately 15.5 standard plots in Nigeria.

Hectares are commonly used in Nigeria for measuring large parcels of land, such as estates, plantations, and ranches. For instance, a large estate that is 100 hectares in size would be equivalent to approximately 1,550 standard plots.

Measuring Land in Nigeria

The process of measuring land in Nigeria can be complex, and it is important to understand the various methods used. In most cases, the land is measured using a survey plan, which is a document that shows the boundaries and dimensions of a piece of land. Survey plans are prepared by licensed surveyors and are required by law for any land transaction in Nigeria.

To measure land, surveyors use a variety of tools and techniques, including measuring tapes, compasses, and theodolites. They also take into account various factors, such as the shape of the land and any physical features, such as trees or rocks.

Land measurement in Nigeria can indeed be a complex process that involves several factors and methods. As mentioned, survey plans are crucial in land measurement and are required by law for any land transaction. Licensed surveyors are typically responsible for preparing survey plans and determining the boundaries and dimensions of a piece of land.

To measure land accurately, surveyors use different tools and techniques, depending on the nature of the land and the survey requirements. For instance, measuring tapes and chains are used to measure straight lines, while theodolites and total stations are used to measure angles and distances. Surveyors also consider physical features like rocks, trees, and bodies of water when measuring land to determine the exact size and shape of the land.

In addition to these factors, the shape of the land is also important in land measurement. Nigeria has a diverse landscape, and surveyors must take into account the topography of the land to determine the appropriate method to use for measuring. For instance, land that is steep or hilly may require more sophisticated tools to measure accurately.

Overall, measuring land in Nigeria requires a high level of expertise and attention to detail. The use of survey plans and licensed surveyors is crucial in ensuring that land is measured accurately and legally.

Land measurements in different states

While the standard measurements for land in Nigeria are plots, acres, and hectares, different states may have their own unique measurements. For instance, in Lagos State, a standard plot of land is 60 x 120 feet, while in Ogun State, a plot of land is typically 100 x 50 feet. It’s important to understand the specific measurements used in your state to avoid confusion when buying or selling land.

The role of surveyors in land measurement:

Surveyors play a critical role in measuring land accurately. When buying or selling land, it’s important to engage the services of a professional surveyor who can accurately measure the land and provide a detailed survey plan. This will ensure that you have a clear understanding of the size and boundaries of the land you’re buying or selling.

The impact of land measurement on property value:

The size of a piece of land can greatly affect its value, making it essential to understand the importance of accurate land measurement. A larger plot of land is typically more valuable than a smaller one of the same location and quality. Accurate measurement is also vital in determining the actual size of the land to avoid disputes that can affect its value.

The impact of land measurement on property development:

When it comes to developing property, accurate land measurement is critical. The size of the land will determine how many structures can be built on it and how much space will be left for amenities such as parking lots and gardens. Inaccurate measurement can lead to overspending or underutilization of the land.

The impact of land measurement on legal ownership:

Establishing legal ownership of a piece of land is essential to avoid disputes and to ensure your investment is secure. Accurate land measurement is critical in defining boundaries and confirming ownership. A survey plan can provide a clear description of the size and boundaries of the land, making it easier to establish legal ownership and transfer ownership when needed.

The impact of land measurement on taxation:

Accurate land measurement is important when it comes to taxation. In Nigeria, property tax is calculated based on the size of the land and the value of the property. Therefore, accurate measurement is essential for ensuring that property taxes are calculated correctly and that you don’t end up paying more than necessary.

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